Public Domain Super Heroes
Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock holmes -1

Real Name

Sherlock Holmes

First Appearance

A Study in Scarlet (originally serialized in Beeton's Christmas Annual 1887)

Original Publisher

Ward Lock & Co

Created by

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle


Sherlock Holmes was a brilliant London-based "consulting detective." Holmes is famous for his intellectual prowess and is renowned for his skillful use of astute observation, deductive reasoning, and inference to solve difficult cases.

Besides his talent for deduction, Holmes was also a master of disguise, a skilled fighter in both hand-to-hand and weapon-based combat, profoundly knowledgeable in many sciences, and a skilled musician.

He was assisted by his friend Dr. Watson, who would chronicle their adventures, as well as by his landlady, Mrs. Hudson, such as when she carefully moved a bust of Holmes every quarter of an hour to fool a sniper, Colonel Sebastian Moran, into thinking the bust is actually Holmes.

Holmes had a brother named Mycroft Holmes who was a government official.

Sherlock Holmes's nemesis was Professor Moriarty, whom he clashed with on multiple occasions.

Inspector Lestrade of Scotland Yard detective would often consult Sherlock Holmes on many cases.

Irene Adler, while not technically a criminal and bearing no malice towards Holmes, outsmarts Holmes and evades his traps during the events of the Scandal in Bohemia. Sherlock Holmes refers to her afterwards respectfully as "the Woman".

Holmes has also had his share of crossovers with other characters in pastiche stories that have likewise lapsed into the public domain, including Arsène Lupin, Fantômas, and ended up siring a son with the daughter of A. J. Raffles.

Public Domain Appearances[]



  • A Study in Scarlet (1887)
  • The Sign of the Four (1890)
  • The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1891)
  • The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1892)
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (1901)
  • The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1903)
  • His Last Bow (1908)
  • The Lost Special (1908): features a criminal genius who could be Moriarty and a detective who could be Holmes, though neither is mentioned by name
  • The Valley of Fear (1914)
  • The Case-Book Of Sherlock Holmes (1927)
  • The Late Sherlock Holmes (1893)
  • Pursuit of the House-Boat (1897)
  • A Double Barrelled Detective Story (1902)
  • Sherlock Holmes arrive trop tard (1905)
  • R. Holmes & Co. (1906): Centers on the supposed son of Sherlock Holmes and Marjorie Raffles'
  • Arsène Lupin contre Herlock Sholmes (1910)
  • The Footprints on the Ceiling (1920): printed in Rather Like... Some Endeavours to Assume the Mantles of the Great by Jules Castier


  • Sherlock Holmes #1-2
  • Cartoons by McCutcheon #[nn]
  • Captain Marvel, Jr. #2
  • Kid Eternity #4, 8, 10
  • Four Color #1169

Stage Appearances[]

  • Sherlock Holmes: A Drama in Four Acts (1899)
  • The Speckled Band (1902)
  • The Painful Predicament of Mr Sherlock Holmes (1905)

Film and TV[]

  • Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900)
  • Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; or, Held for Ransom (1905)
  • Nordisk Film Company Holmes Series (1908-1911)
  • Arsène Lupin contra Sherlock Holmes (1910)
  • American Biograph Holmes Series (1911)
  • Sherlock Holmes Solves the Sign of the Four (1913)
  • A Study in Scarlet (1914)
  • Der Hund von Baskerville (1914)
  • The Crimson Sabre (1915)
  • The Crogmere Ruby (1915)
  • Sherlock Holmes (1916)
  • The Valley of Fear (1916)
  • Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Series (1921-1923)
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (1921)
  • Sherlock Holmes (1922)
  • The Speckled Band (1931)
  • The Sign of Four (1932)
  • Study in Scarlet (1933)
  • The Triumph of Sherlock Holmes (1935)
  • Murder at the Baskervilles (1937)
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1943)
  • The Woman in Green (1945)
  • Terror by Night (1946)
  • Dressed to Kill (1946)
  • Sherlock Holmes TV Series (1954)


See Also[]